Your credit score plays a major role when you apply for a car loan. It’s one of the top factors lenders use to evaluate your credit risk and determine what interest rate you qualify for. Understanding how your credit impacts auto financing is key to getting approved on the best possible terms.
In this in-depth guide, we’ll explain everything you need to know about credit scores and auto loans. Follow these tips and you can optimise your rate for new or used car financing.
Why Your Credit Score Matters for Auto Loans
When you apply for a car loan, lenders check your credit report and score to assess your creditworthiness. They want to estimate the likelihood that you will repay the loan on time and in full.
Borrowers with good credit scores are seen as lower risk. They tend to get approved for loans more frequently and qualify for the lowest interest rates. Those with poor scores are deemed higher risk and get stuck with higher rates or denied entirely.
So maximising your credit score directly translates to better loan terms and lower monthly payments. Even minor differences in your rate can equal thousands in savings over the life of your car loan.
What is Considered a Good Credit Score?
Credit scores range from 300 to 850. In general, scores above 670 are considered good, and those above 740 are excellent. But every lender has their own lending criteria.
For auto loans, having a credit score over 700 will qualify you for the most competitive interest rates. Many lenders like to see at least 740+ for their best advertised deals.
If your score is under 620, you will have trouble getting approved for financing at affordable rates. Improving your credit should be a top priority before applying for a car loan.
How Lenders Check Your Credit for Auto Loans
When you apply for car financing, lenders will check your credit in a few key ways:
- Credit reports – They examine your full history including current debts, payment history, collections, and bankruptcies.
- Credit scores – Most lenders consider FICO or Vantage scores from Equifax, TransUnion and Experian.
- Hard inquiries – Your application triggers a hard inquiry on your credit file, which can temporarily lower your score.
- Income verification – Lenders confirm your income to ensure you can afford the monthly payments.
- Debt-to-income ratio – They calculate your total debt load versus income. A lower DTI ratio is better for approval odds.
Tips for Improving Your Credit Score
If your credit needs work, here are proven ways to improve it over time:
- Pay all bills on time – this has the biggest impact on your scores.
- Pay down credit card and revolving debt.
- Limit hard inquiries on your credit report by spacing out new applications.
- Correct any errors on your credit report immediately.
- Keep old accounts open as a longer credit history helps.
- Mix types of credit accounts such as credit cards, instalment loans, and a mortgage.
- Sign up for credit monitoring to stay on top of your credit.
How Credit Checks Impact Your Credit Score
Whenever a lender checks your credit, they perform a hard inquiry. This can lower your credit score temporarily by a few points. That’s why it’s smart to limit loan applications and space them out over time.
Too many hard credit checks in a short period signal greater risk to lenders and will further drag down your credit score. Applying at multiple dealerships can actually backfire and hurt your rate.
Long-Term Impacts of an Auto Loan
Getting approved for an auto loan and consistently making your monthly payments on time demonstrates financial responsibility. This has a positive effect on your credit history long-term.
Having a mix of account types, including both instalment loans and revolving credit, also boosts your score over the long run. Just make sure to keep balances low and avoid late payments.
The Bottom Line
A higher credit score means better odds for loan approval and lower interest rates. Before applying for auto financing, take time to review your credit reports and scores. Then utilise techniques to maximise your rating over time. This upfront work will pay off with big savings over the life of your car loan.